Den gewaltigsten Gegensatz zum Arier bildet der Jude.
The mightiest counterpart to the Aryan is represented by the Jew.
So glaube ich heute im Sinne des allmächtigen Schöpfers zu handeln: Indem ich mich des Juden erwehre, kämpfe ich für das Werk des Herrn.
Hence today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will if the Almighty Creator: by resisting the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord..
Denn ein rassereines Volk, das sich seines Blutes bewußt ist, wird vom Juden niemals unterjocht werden können. Er wird auf dieser Welt ewig nur der Herr von Bastarden sein.
For a racially pure people which is conscious of its blood can never be enslaved by the Jew. In this world he will forever be master over bastards alone
τὸ γὰρ θῆλυ ὥσπερ ἄρρεν ἐστὶ πεπηρωμένον·Why would anyone want to use Aristotle's words or Hitler's? What if you're a Jewish woman?
The female is, in fact, as it were, a mutilated male.
Hence it is manifest that all the persons mentioned have a moral virtue of their own, and that the temperance (sophrosyne [σωφροσύνη]) of a woman (gunaikos [γυναικὸς]) and that of a man (andros [ἀνδρός]) are not the same, nor their courage and justice, as Socrates thought, but the one is the courage of command, and the other that of subordination, and the case is similar with the other virtues.
My wife, who works in words as a professional writer, recently shared with me the ways some women, in fact, have well appropriated not only Aristotle's words but also his advice about how to use them persuasively. Look here:
Aristotle’s Ancient Guide to Compelling Copy
What Aristotle Taught Us About Web Content Development
My spouse was actually endorsing what Amy Harrison and Elise Redlin-Cook were doing with Aristotle's language, with his conception of rhetoric, as clarity and as persuasiveness.
This isn't to say that she doesn't understand the evil of Aristotle's words, his straightforward ugliness towards females, towards women, towards any other, any barbarian. No. In fact, my life partner actually gave my dissertation on the awful phallo-logo-centricity of Aristotle's τὸ ἑλληνίζειν an apt, 2-word nickname. She named the academic project of mine: Aristotle Exposed. She and many understand it's not just that Aristotle used his words, his sexist and racist logic, to put down females and to denigrate non-Greeks un-like him.
It's also the way Aristotle used language. His logic left no room for womanly or for barbarian ways of using language. He taught his elite Greek male-only students to avoid ambiguities, to scoff at hyperbole, to ridicule parable, to work only in what's "Natural" and never in anything else (such as the speakeristic, poetic, the lyrical, the dialectical, the supernatural). He didn't teach his boys in his AkaDemy (his school for the People) to listen.
So let's listen. Listen again to Sister Prudence Allen and then to rhetoric scholar Krista Ratcliffe listening to Aristotle:
In these statements the superior valuation of man over woman is explicitly stated [by Aristotle]. However, it is also present in the theory of contraries and in other aspects of Aristotle’s thoughts about sex identity. Aristotle stands out from his predecessors in that he a complete rationale for his theory of sex polarity. He developed reasons and arguments for the philosophically significant differentiation of the sexes and for the superiority of man over woman. Therefore, he is correctly identified [by historians] as the founder of the sex polarity position…. [H]e also laid the groundwork for another theory of sex identity in his philosophy of definition.
Aristotle’s Rhetoric assures students who study his rhetorical theory that they will learn not only how to produce enthymemes but also how to analyze them, and in a culture whose texts were primarily oral, such analysis implies listening. But Aristotle’s theory never delves into how to listen. Moreover, his production/ reception linkage is more complicated than his assurance allows.
Aristotle’s treatise of rhetoric was gender blind.
[Likewise, his treatise of politics is one in which w]omen, slaves and children were relegated to the category of ‘earthly possession’ for which men bargained. To redefine women’s position, feminist theories of rhetoric must critique this concept of language to determine if, and how, it can be made more inclusive. For how we assume language functions, more than anything else, determines how we read and write the cultural as well as the textual.Listen again. Allen helps us recall how Aristotle lays a groundwork with language, the groundwork for thinking of males as superior to females. Now, of course, Aristotle was not the first man to do this. But, as Ratcliffe also rightly observes, Aristotle's teachings on rhetoric and on politics functioned as categorical and categorizing language that somehow [if wrongly and incongruently] appealed to Nature.
So we come back to Hitler. Why Hitler? Well, he's also sexist and racist by how he uses language. Does that mean we shouldn't use his language? No, but it means we'd do well to know exactly how he used it. We would do well to remember that he would not use our language, that he would not want language to be used so liberally, so freely.
My eldest daughter just gave me Viktor Frankl's book, Man's Search for Meaning. Toward the end of the edition she gave me, Frankl tells this story about language and making meanings by it:
An American woman once confronted me with the reproach, "How can you still write some of your books in German, Adolf Hitler's language?" In response, I asked her if she had knives in her kitchen, and when she answered that she did, I acted dismayed and shocked, exclaiming, "How can you still use knives after so many killers have used them to stab and murder their victims?" She stopped objecting to my writing books in German.To be fair to this American woman, Frankl was quite aware of just how awful, how sexist and how racist, the propaganda of Hitler really was. Frankl experienced the effects. Hitler's German is worse than just a kitchen knife. It was a two-edged sword. It was a gangster's switchblade, a guerilla's machete, a sadist's scalpel. It was an IED, a terrorist's home-made bomb, an improvised explosive device. It was Aristotle's Greek all over again, extreme racism and sexism in the guise of moderate rationality and by appeals to nature. It was boxing up the Other in tight categories and putting oneself above as the default, unmarked Natural superior.
Our question today (in these last few days of this Women's History Month) doesn't need to be whether we can use Adolf Hitler's Deutsche or Aristotle's ἑλληνίζειν. We can. And we can also do more. We can use language inclusively, creatively, extremely. We can listen to that preacher in the church down the street who exclaims that the Bible and Nature conspire against women to keep them silent. We can eavesdrop on the husband who tells his wife that she is his helpmeet, his complement, his to-be-submissive God-given object, for "the Bible tells me so." We can overhear the mostly-male politicians and the rule of law again and again justifying why males will have to continue to make more than women in the workplace. We can ponder, sleeplessly if we must, how it is that young girls must still fear and must still have to work so hard at protecting themselves from being raped, fondled, abused, objectivized by men. There is much more we can do.